- APT Satellite Company Limited (“APT Satellite” or “APSTAR”) is a leading satellite operator in the Asia Pacific region. APSTAR commenced operations in 1992 and currently owns and operates five in-orbit satellites including: APSTAR-5, APSTAR-6, APSTAR-7, APSTAR-7B (partial), and APSTAR-9. Known as the APSTAR Satellite Fleet, these satellites cover regions in Asia, Europe, Africa, Australia, and the Pacific islands which contain approximately 75% of the world’s population. APT provides satellite transponder leasing, broadcasting services, teleport and network services, and data center services to broadcasters and telecommunication customers.
- AsiaSat, (SEHK: 1135) – AsiaSat is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Asia Satellite Telecommunications Holdings Limited, a company listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange. AsiaSat’s two major shareholders are CITIC Group Corporation and Carlyle Asia Partners IV, L.P.
- China Aerospace International Holdings & CASIL, Ltd. Hong Kong – China Aerospace Group Holdings and China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation are major shareholders in this company. They represent China’s premier developers of space technology and products including spacecraft, carrier rockets, and satellites.
- CITIC Group Corporation , formerly the China International Trust and Investment Corporation, is a state-owned investment company of the People’s Republic of China, established by Rong Yiren in 1979 with the approval of Deng Xiaoping. Its headquarters are in Chaoyang District, Beijing.
China’s Space Organizations
- China Space Program
- China National Space Administration (CNSA) is the national space agency of the People’s Republic of China. It is responsible for the national space program and for the planning and development of space activities. CNSA and China Aerospace Corporation (CASC) assumed the authority over space development efforts previously held by the Ministry of Aerospace Industry. It is a subordinate agency of the State Administration for Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense (SASTIND), itself a subordinate agency of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT). Headquarters are located in the Haidian District of Beijing.
- China Great Wall Industry Corporation (CGWIC) – CGWIC is the sole commercial organization authorized by the Chinese government to provide commercial launch services, satellite systems, and space technology services. Established in 1980.
- China Asia-Pacific Mobile Telecommunications Satellite Co., Ltd. – Founded in 1998, and now a holding company of China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (CALT), which is attached to China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC). China APMT mainly provides the satellite application, electronic engineering, and international business It develops communication network system integration, international business and trade services, and information communication electronic products. China APMT is a core and international cooperation window company of CALT in developing civilian industrial products.
- China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (CALT) is the premier space launch vehicle manufacturer in China and one of the major launch service providers in the world. CALT is state owned (but not state managed) and is a subordinate of the larger China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC). It was established in 1957 and is headquartered in Beijing. Its organization and orientation are comparable to Western defense and space contractors. Its major contribution to Chinese launch capability has been the manufacture of the Long March family of rockets. CALT has 27,000 employees and at least (13) research facilities.
- China Academy of Space Technology (CAST) is a Chinese space agency and subordinate of China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC). It was founded in 1968 and is the primary spacecraft development and production facility in China.
- China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation (CASIC). CASIC is the main contractor for the Chinese space program. It is state-owned and has a number of subordinate entities which design, develop, and manufacture a range of spacecraft, launch vehicles, strategic and tactical missile systems, and ground control equipment.
- China Satellite Launch and TT&C General is dedicated to telemetry, tracking, and command of Chinese space missions. Specifically, CLTC provides control services for satellite launches as well as rocket, satellite, and spacecraft tracking. It develops and manufactures satellite control components, monitoring equipment, and launch site structures. The organization directly controls and oversees all of China’s space missions, space launch centers, telemetry, tracking, and command arrays.
- Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) – The government of India established the Department of Space in 1972 and the Indian Space Research organization (ISRO) is the primary agency under the Department of Space for executing space programs. India has the largest constellation of domestic communication satellites called Indian National Satellite System (INSAT) in the Asia Pacific region. India also has the largest constellation of earth observation satellites (called Indian Remote Sensing Satellites) with better than one-meter resolution in this region. Village Resource Centers (VRCs) that combine the services of IRS and INSAT satellites provide an array of additional services. INSAT and IRS satellites also provide invaluable services in the area of disaster management. The Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III successfully launched in June 2017. World class space port facilities are currently located in Sriharikota near Chennai with launch pads and test facilities for testing satellites and launch vehicle systems.
- Hindustan Aeronautics Limited – This government-owned corporation specializes in aerospace industry operations including: the manufacturing and assembly of aircraft, navigation, and related communications equipment and airport operations. HAL is a major partner for the space vehicle programs of the Indian Space Research Organization.
- Israel Aerospace Industries – (IAI) is Israel’s prime aerospace and aviation manufacturer, producing aerial and astronautic systems for both military and civilian use. In addition to fighter aircraft, IAI also designs and builds civil aircraft, drones, missiles, avionics, and space-based systems. IAIs’ Systems, Missiles, & Space Group integrates all the engineering capabilities required for satellite development up to full satellite integration, testing, and operation. This includes launching, mission control center tracking, and multi-satellite remote stations. IAI is wholly owned by the government of Israel.
Sources: ASD-EUROSPACE, Wikipedia, Space Settlement Institute